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PROJECTS

Our most recent project is our involvement with the company “Reforest-Indo Projects”.

“Reforest-Indo Projects” shows all the steps that you would expect from an experienced reforestation organization. In fact the interesting aspects of the three stage strategy (site selection, site preparation, protecting-planting-maintenance) shows that the company is capable to invest a sizable portion of its own capital to start the proceedings and will then aim to seek capital assistance to engage in the final phase with the assistance of a fully directed feasibility study.

Reforest-Indo Projects is an Indonesian-based privately owned corporation. Q1 of 2011 the corporation announced its “Re-growth for Indo Plan” after the allocation of government land that was initially primed for other purposes. The Plan presents a unique and exciting opportunity for the company to retain current rainforest landscape while creating and rebuilding what used to exist. The Project includes afforestation (the establishment of a forest in an area where there was no forest) and reforestation (the reestablishment of forest cover, either naturally or artificially by direct seeding or planting) in Kalimantan, Indonesia, on the island of Borneo.

Quick Facts

  • Location: Kalimantan, Indonesia
  • Project: Afforestation and Reforestation
  • Standards & Verification: Afforestation Reforestation under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
  • 3,169,852 tCO2 lCERs issued
  • 26 tonnes of CO2 reduced annually per hectare, increasing yearly


Certified Emission Reductions

Indonesia is home to some of the most biologically diverse forests in the world, carrying a global ranking of the 3rd most prevalent rainforests behind Brazil and the Democratic Republic of Congo. In the CER market, Reforest-Indo Projects has been issued 3,169,852 lCERs. An lCER stands for “long-term certified emission reductions” and they are specifically issued for carbon forestation projects. The lifespan of each lCER is 20 years which can be renewed two times for a maximum of 60 years from the original issue date. Each lCER represents emissions reduction from the atmosphere equivalent to one tonne of carbon dioxide. With the funding provided by Prosumis Carbon Solutions, a Canadian based Venture Capital Company, by means of selling these Carbon Credits, Reforest-Indo Projects is able to move into full scale operation as markets currently experience a surge in global demand for carbon credits and subsequently a market pricing structure that parallels the demand in the face of an unstable supply.


Re-growth For Indo Plan

The Indonesian territory of Kalimantan makes up 2/3 of Borneo Island. The “Re-growth for Indo Plan” focuses on Central and West Kalimantan in Borneo. Over the last three decades, Kalimantan has been subject to rapid deforestation. Hundreds of thousands of hectares of rainforests have been under attack in this region mostly due to a lack of recognition of customary rights, logging concessions and increasing pressure from plantations to convert forests to commercial palm oil plantations.

Planting trees to offset carbon emissions is a win-win solution. It’s great for the environment, protects precious wildlife, and reduces the impact that we have on the planet. Reforest-Indo Projects will protect the existing rainforest trees while establishing new plant life in the deforested areas and undeveloped areas. Small plants are placed into the ground soil to create the forest floor and later seedlings that have been established in a greenhouse are then transferred to the rainforest to grow naturally. The Plan consists of planting 60% dipterocarps and the remaining 40% will consist of tualang (koompassia excelsa), sungkai (peronema canescens), acacia mangium, and fruit trees.


Protecting Rainforests

Plant life stores carbon from the air in their greenery, reducing the human made environmental impact. But every year more and more rainforests are being depleted creating a biological catastrophe and in Indonesia it’s mostly due to illegal logging. The rainforests are rarely ever replanted.

Depleting the rainforests upsets the natural biological equilibrium that keeps a rainforest healthy and stable. Trees and other plants are destroyed and many animals are left without their natural habitat which could lead to the extinction of certain wildlife species. At the current rate, tropical rainforests in Indonesia could be logged out in 10 years and along with it the animal population will dwindle.

The prevailing species of trees in this SE Asia region is the dipterocarpaceae family that can consist of 17 genera and approximately 680 species. Dipterocarps are the most dominant trees in Borneo, often referred to as “Asian Mahogany” on the timber market and can reach heights of 37 meters. Many epiphytes, like orchids and ferns, grow on the trees adding even more plant life to the rainforest. Another emergent species is the “koompassia excelsa” referred to as “tualang” trees. Besides being able to grow an upward of 85 meters, these are rarely logged due to how hard the wood is. Honey bees are native to tualang trees, building hanging honeycombs, so these trees carry more value when left standing because the honey can be harvested.


Reforestation and Afforestation

Afforestation will establish forests in suitable areas where there was no forest present. Reforestation also includes three phases to recreate natural rainforests. First there’s the forest floor which is the bottom layer and home to small plants and fungi. Playing an important role, decomposition of leaves happens at this level creating nutrient rich soil to help the rainforest become self-sustaining. The next level is the understory layer consisting of shrubs and small trees that can grow in the shade of the larger trees. Finally the third level is the canopy layer which forms the roof of the rainforest. The canopy layer is made of large trees and forms the roof over the other two layers. Trees naturally rotate their branches so leaves can receive the most sunlight. On average, there are between 20 to 80 different species of trees per hectare.


Carbon Reduction

The “Re-growth for Indo Plan” includes seedlings and established plant life and dipterocarp trees that are 25+ years old spanning a total of 121,917 hectares. Approximately 250 trees and tree seedlings cover each hectare. We have estimated that each hectare of the rainforests with existing trees and seedlings can store 7.1 metric tonnes of carbon. To convert this carbon to carbon dioxide, a conversion equation is implemented by multiplying the amount of carbon stored by the molecular weight ratio of carbon dioxide to carbon which is 44/12 or 3.666. One hectare can annually store 7.1 metric tonnes of carbon, multiplied by 3.666, results in a total of 26 tonnes of CO2 stored per hectare. Because the rainforests have existing trees as well as seedlings, an average of 13 years of age was chosen for each tree with an average total of 250 trees per hectare to estimate carbon sequestration and storage. Each hectare currently removes an estimated 26 tonnes of CO2 per year.

As the trees age, the larger they will become, and the more carbon they will absorb from the atmosphere. After 30 years the current seedlings will have grown to a 30 centimeter diameter and total carbon offset should reach 85 tonnes of CO2 per hectare. At this time the rainforest can withstand commercial thinning to ensure healthy growth of the rainforest. At the end of the 60 cycle, when the issued lCERs have expired, the rainforests will reach an annual CO2 offset of 198 tonnes per hectare. When more land is acquired, new lCERs can be issued at any time during the project. The existing issued lCERs are active for 20 years and may be renewed twice for a maximum lifespan of 60 years from the original issue date.

Our Mission

Our mission is to combat global warming by offsetting carbon emissions through funding the highest quality clean energy projects. Afforestation and reforestation provide social and environmental benefits in developing countries while adhering to international standards such as VCS, CDM/JI, and the Gold Standard. By executing a long-term effective carbon management strategy we can help improve the environment on a global level.

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